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Test your knowledge on all of The Russian Revolution (1917–1918). Rasputin was not the czar and did not have the interests of the people at hear nor the credentials to be a leader. Log in. They set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state. What were the effects of the Russian Revolution? To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. The army was also short of uniforms, food and weapons with which to fight. Party of Lenin that won the support of the people by promising "Peace, Bread, and Land," and which led the "October" Revolution of 1917 in Russia. This type of dedication appealed to the workers. It looks like your browser needs an update. A council of workers called … Perfect prep for The Russian Revolution (1917–1918) quizzes and tests you might have in school. 5 points tyrone44 Asked 11.20.2019. The procession was attacked by the police and the Cossacks (Russian soldiers).Over 100 workers were killed and some 300 wounded. 3. He draws up a petition outlining the peasants' demands and leads a procession to the czar's winter palace. Russia’s government was still do… Many Russian soldiers were killed in this war and Russia lost important battles. The war also turned peasants and workers against the czar, who had essentially thrown people at the problem. Log in. Where and when did the Russian Revolution take place? One cause of World War I was the (1 point) Holocaust. Soldiers soon joined in the riots and revolted against their commanders. Protesters went to the Winter Palace- as a result 100 people were killed and over 300 wounded. The czar had little peasant or worker support to engage in a war that could Beas disastrous and the last. How WWI caused the Revolution - Open University text . George Gapon decides to appeal to the czar on behalf of the dissatisfied workers. As a result of the protests in 1917 due to food shortages, military losses, the czar gave up his throne and Russia set a provisional (temporary) government ran by Duma (parliament), November Revolution 1917/Bolshevik Revolution, The communists with the leadership of Lenin overthrew the provisional government and established a communist society. What was one cause of revolution in Russia? 1) End of autocratic (absolute monarchy) rule, wealthy farmers in Russia. At the time of the revolution Russia was an autocracy, with Tsar Nicholas II holding absolute power over his people. What was the Emancipation Manifesto and how did it contribute to the start of the Russian Revolution? not the sole cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Get the answers you need, now! They were led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks. Russian Revolution of 1905, uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy. Ask your question. Middle School. A CENTURY ago Russia was on the brink of a revolution that would change the course of the country forever. What effects did the outcome of the Russo-Japanese War have on the Russian people? This revolution in 1917 led to the end of his family’s dynasty, the end of the autocracy in Russia. The Russian government was disciplining deserters with torture and death. They didn’t like the tsar and wanted more power from him. Plans that Joseph Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly, beginning in 1928. What ended up happening to the workers at the Czar's Winter Palace in 1905? Working conditions included long hours, bad treatment, inedible food, etc. In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the fabric of Russia. Forced labor camps set up by Stalin in Siberia (the coldest region of Russia). They had little food to eat and lived in poverty. This resulted in … -Czar Nicholas had to abdicate power to the Duma -Bolsehviks (lead by Vladimir Lenin) gained support -- signed agreement with Germany to leave WWI -- transformed Russia into first communist nation -- renamed Russia USSR The tsar’s reactionary policies, including the occasional dissolution of the Duma, or Russian parliament, the chief fruit of the 1905 revolution, had spread dissatisfaction even to moderate elements. They didn’t have any power either. This resulted in protests in 1917 throughout the country. First, the February Russian Revolution toppled the Russian monarchy and established a Provisional Government. That Nicholas’ answer to the crises facing the Russian regime – and the answer of his father - was to look back to the seventeenth century and try to resurrect an almost late-medieval system, instead of reforming and modernizing Russia, was a major problem and source of discontent which directly led to the revolution. CAUSE FIVE: REVOLUTIONS OF MARCH, 1917 REVOLUTION OF MARCH 1917 With Nicholas was away leading the war, the situation in St. Petersburg grew more and more serious. What was a cause of the Russian revolution?z Get the answers you need, now! The new communist government created the country of the Soviet Union. Kirsten's Thesis - good idea As is well known, the Russian Revolution failed. What were the worker's demands at the Winter Palace on January 22, 1905? Soldiers blocking Narva Gate on Bloody Sunday The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a major factor contributing to the cause of the Revolutions of 1917. The Russian Revolution of 1917 had people that would cause riots during the war. Created by Karl Marx in his Communist Manifesto and originally called Marxism. How did the working conditions add to the peasant unrest before the Russian Revolution? Temporary and unsuccessful. After a small rebellion … Women textile workers led a citywide strike, bolstered by riots due to bread and fuel shortages. Russia was not prepared for the military and economic costs of war. In summary the peasants liked Bolshevik ideology, had nothing else to lose, and wanted a radical change. The Bolsheviks and Vladamir Lenin led the uprising – … Outlined the fact that the government would own the means of production but that they people would get goods distributed to them equally. The Russian Revolution of 1917 involved the collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks. Dissidents were sent to the camps, where conditions were generally brutal. The main causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. Nicholas was untrained as a statesman and inept to take on the responsibilities of being the supreme power in Russia. Governmental corruption and inefficiency were rampant. Peasant unrest. 1. And just as any turn in the life of an individual teaches him a great deal and brings rich experience and great emotional stress, so a revolution teaches an entire people very rich and valuable lessons in a short space of time. Economic. For several years before 1905 and especially after the humiliating Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), Politicians from all over the world advised Nicholas to begin reform movements and bring democratic Adopted by Lenin and the Bolsheviks and remodeled to fit Russia itself, its people, and Lenin's preexisting ideas. Unless the time is ripe for such a turn, no real revolution can take place. What is the driving ideology behind the Russian revolution. Millions died. Long hours, little concern for worker health or safety, resistance [by factory owners] of trade unions, overall harsh conditions, wage-declines, lay-offs, What types of poor working conditions inspired the industry workers to approach Winter Palace on January 22, 1905. The government also set production quotas for each farm to produce and if the farm failed, they would by punished by taking the food away and starving, the banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas, Affects of the Russian Revolution on the world, -Spread of communist parties to other countries, Soviet Union industrialized through Stalin's Five Year Plans. The Russian Revolution 1917 can be compared to Julius Caesar, because of the overthrowing of the government, people fighting over food shortages, killed most of Russia’s army, suffering in … None felt this more severely than Russia, which had entered the war confident but in a precarious political, economic and social state. They supported a communist rule where the workers would have more equality. Main cause of the Russian Revolution. The Russo-Japanese War had already showed the weakness of the czar and the military and even of Russia. The Russian Revolution was actually a series of revolutions in 1917 that ultimately resulted in the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II and the establishment of a communist government. Reduction of work day to eight hours, increase in wages, and improvement of working conditions. What caused the degeneration of the Russian Revolution? The economic causes of the Russian Revolution were based largely on the Czar's mis-management, compounded by World War I. Because of his inaptitude and inadequate decisions and inability to change with the times he paved the path for revolution. A document that freed all of the 23 million serfs in Russia, issued in 1861 by the czar. What was a cause of the Russian Revolution? a system in which private farms are eliminated by the government confiscating the land and peasants work land owned by the government. Oh no! The incident became known as Bloody Sunday. Russians were content with their government. Russian people were treated very badly during the rule of the tsars. What spurred the March Revolution in 1917? Why were Russian people unhappy with their country's involvement in WWI? At the end of the 19th century many people in the countryside were peasants . Briefly describe Bloody Sunday and its outcome. The weak generals and poorly equipped troops could not stand up to German troops. They supported a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for a radical change. List the 6 definitive cause of the Russian revolution. Search all of SparkNotes Search. A bunch of peasants/workers protest against forced labor and in the end the czar is forced to abdicate. shortage of serfs. Then in October, a second Russian Revolution placed the Bolsheviks as the leaders of Russia, resulting in the creation of the world's first communist country. -discontent over corrupt/ineffective gov't, -Czar Nicholas had to abdicate power to the Duma. 2. 1905, people protested the poor working conditions in factories+loss to Japan during Russo-Japanese war led to many people viewing the czar as an incompetent leader. Log in. War caused great unrest and a large death toll. What about the Bolshevik beliefs appealed to the Russian workers? Join now. Rasputin had influence over government decisions when he was close to the Czar's family. They became factory workers and turned into a new middle class. This local protest exploded into a revolution. Famine was an issue on the homefront. It was too weak to make any changes that the peasants were asking for. What was a cause of the Russian Revolution? The czar's family was supposed to have control over Russia, but since Rasputin had taken control this became a sort of deception to the people. WWI caused the spark that ignited the revolution. Log in. Enemy forces were looming ready to invade Russia. (1 point) The Russian economy was very strong. Prince Alexis died. Soldiers were losing moral. Rasputin was manipulating the czar's family with the influence he had over them. Even before the outbreak of war, the Russian population were largely dissatisfied with the government under the Tsarist regime. 1. Join now. Also, the leader of the Bolsheviks, Lenin, had an engaging and persuasive personality. produce socialism, the Bolshevik revolution gave birth to an autocratic party dictatorship residing over a state capitalist It sparked the beginning of a new era in Russia that had effects on countries around the world. This sparks waves of strikes and violence across Russia in support of workers' rights, leading Czar Nicholas II to promise more freedom and to approve of the creation of the Duma (Russia's first parliament). The Russian Revolution took place in 1917 when the peasants and working class people of Russia revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II. How does this support the claim that the government was corrupt? The events of Bloody Sunday triggered nationwide protests and soldier mutinies. All of the newly freed serfs had no money to buy land and most of them were forced to work in poor conditions with little pay without their most basic needs being met. The Russian Revolution was actually a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 that ended the Tsarist autocracy and allowed for the rise of the Soviet Union. Russia was losing against Germany while people inside were starving due to food shortages because of the war. Communism. What caused the Russian Revolution? Join now. led to worker dissatisfaction, especially knowing that the upper class enjoyed better lives added to this anger. use of the atomic bomb. Russian Revolution by Unknown The procession is attacked by police and Russian soldiers with many peasant deaths and injuries. answered What was a cause of the Russian revolution?z 1 See answers List four reasons why life was difficult for workers in Russia in the early 1900s. the process of teaching a people since early age to accept certain beliefs without questioning. At … KaitlynGCavazos 04/07/2020 History Middle School +7 pts. By 1917 the bond between the tsar and most of the Russian people had been broken. The Russian Revolution had the effect of putting an end to the major arena of fighting on the Eastern Front in World War I. when troops fired on a defenseless crowd of workers, who, led by a priest, were marching to the Winter Palace to petition Czar Nicholas II. History. Why would the workers follow the Bolsheviks? The new government keeps Russia in the war which continues to deplete its resources and people. What were the problems existing in Russia in 1917? Join now. Russia was losing against Germany while people inside were starving due to food shortages because of the war. Families were suffering. People were poor and had hard lives. As society changed, more and more people started living in cities. Power in cities grew into local councils (soviets) which held more power than the provisional government itself. Workers began to strike and soldiers began to desert their posts. 1. The Russian Revolution of 1905 began in St. Petersburg on Jan. 22 (Jan. 9, O.S.) Every revolution means a sharp turn in the lives of a vast number of people. Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause. Main cause of the Russian Revolution. Its political, social and economic structures were extremely backward in … Czar Nicholas is overthrown March 15, 1917. result of discontent from Russian factory workers and peasants, the Czar created Duma (Parliament) but dissolved it a year after and the Russian workers and peasants did not get what they were promised, Food and military supply shortages during WWI. By the end of 1916, two years of total war had placed enormous strain on all combatant nations. The massive Russian defeat in this war sparked unrest at home, leading to rebuilt. The February Revolution was the first of two revolutions that took place in Russia in 1917. They were either killed, deported to Gulags or exiled and their land confiscated by the government. 1. February (March) and October (November) 1917 -- Russia. alliances among European nations. But this doesn't solve all of Russia's problems. The Russian economy had made great industrial advances in the two decades prior to 1914 – but it was still under-developed and ill-equipped to supply a prolonged war. Give a quick summary of the March Revolution and its overall outcome. Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917), serfdom lasted into the mid-1800s; Russian landowners wanted serfs to stay on the land and produce large harvests; the landowners treated the serfs like property; when a landowner sold a piece of land, he sold the serfs with it; landowners could give away serfs as presents or to pay debts; it was also against the law for serfs to run away from their owners. O ne hundred years after the Russian Revolution, historians are still arguing about what made this seismic political shift possible. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. 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