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30 Dec 2020

The expedition also underlines the extent of Hatshepsut’s ambition. There is now no evidence of this garden, but it must have been beautiful. Hatshepsut began construction of her mortuary temple sometime after ascending the throne around 1479 BCE. Facts About The Temple of Hatshepsut The Temple of Hatshepsut is cut directly into the living rock of the Deir el-Bahri cliffs The temple is richly decorated with inscriptions, reliefs and painting Queen Hatshepsut temple is located in Upper Egypt beneath the cliffs of “Deir El-Bahari“, a name that derives from the former monastery built during the Coptic era, about 17 miles northwest of Luxor on the west bank of the river in western Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during Egypt New Kingdom (1550- 1050 BC). Among the duties of any Egyptian monarch was the construction of monumental building projects to honor the gods and preserve the memory of their reigns for eternity. To better understand the ebb and flow of this vibrant civilization, Egyptologists introduced three clusters, splitting this vast period of time firstly into the Old Kingdom... https://givemehistory.com/the-temple-of-hatshepsut, 3 Kingdoms: Old, Middle & New | Ancient Egypt, Top 20 Symbols of Balance Through History, Top 23 Symbols of Water and their Meanings, Top 23 Symbols of Freedom & Liberty Throughout History, The temple is richly decorated with inscriptions, reliefs and painting, The two third level shrines, one dedicated to the solar cult the other to the Royal cult had all images of Hatshepsut replaced with images of Thutmose III. Behind the courtyard there was a colonnade with square pillars behind which there were many reliefs. materials, and function in the creation of the Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall. In the Old and Middle Kingdoms ( c. 2575– c. 2130 bce ; and 1938– c. 1630 bce ) the mortuary temple usually adjoined the pyramid and had an open, pillared court , storerooms, five elongated shrines, and a chapel containing a false door and an offering table. Mortuary temple, in ancient Egypt, place of worship of a deceased king and the depository for food and objects offered to the dead monarch. Hatshepsut was the fifth Egyptian Pharaoh and the first female king in the history of the New Kingdom. It’s not only facing the city of Luxor but it also marks the entrance to the Valley of the Kings. Form. Most of the depictions have been destroyed and none of those that remain feature Hatshepsut herself. The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, also known as the Djeser-Djeseru (Ancient Egyptian: ḏsr ḏsrw "Holy of Holies"), is a mortuary temple of Ancient Egypt located in Upper Egypt. Designed by Senenmut (Hatshepsut’s steward and architect), this mortuary temple closely resembles the classical Greek architecture of 1,000 years later. Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut. In the execution, all three levels typified the emphasis traditional Egyptian design placed on symmetry. The Temple of Hatshepsut is a mortuary temple that was constructed by Pharaoh Queen Hatshepsut, who ruled over Egypt in the 18th dynasty. Header image courtesy: Ian Lloyd [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Amongst the most imposing of these mighty construction projects was Queen Hatshepsut ’s (1479-1458 BCE) mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri. It is also a memorial temple that worships and honours Queen Hatshepsut. As the daughter of Egypt’s most popular and powerful divinity, Hatshepsut was asserting supporting evidence for her rightful claim to govern Egypt as a man would. 2. of the Middle … The temple was designed to narrate her life story. Trouvez les Mortuary Temple Of Hatshepsut images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. Several other rulers of this dynasty built temples for the same purpose, the best known being those at Deir el-Bahari , where Hatshepsut built beside the funerary temple of Mentuhotep II , [2] and that of Amenhotep III , of which the only major extant remains are the Colossi of Memnon . The geographical location, on the west bank of the River Nile, is significant. its stones are clean and bright, located on the west bank of the Luxor Nile, it ranks with the most beautiful buildings in the world.. ), Kneeling Statue is made from granite, which is very durable, is also very large at almost nine feet tall (would impress any viewer, especially because it would be placed with a number of other large statues depicting the queen), Kneeling Statue depicts Queen Hatshepsut in a kneeling position, she was one of the only, and most powerful, female pharaohs, though we can tell that she is female, she has many male physical features:her breasts are de-emphasized, she has the classic beard of the pharaohs, and wears the royal male headdress, her masculine depiction is consistent with the upkeep of continuity and stability for Egyptian rulers (there is no word for "queen" in Egyptian--she truly saw herself as a king), different style than other Egyptian statues--her kneeling position humanizes her, and she is depicted in offering, most likely to a deity, Temple features a lengthy, colonnaded terrace, you must walk up a long ramp to enter into the temple (reminiscent of the horizon, Egyptian creation mound), temple held many statues of Hatshepsut, as well as relief depictions of her as well as the gods in the afterlife, Mortuary Temple was a funerary shrine to Queen Hatshepsut, was a place for people to go and appreciate her power by looking at all of the different statues of her, especially important because she was female, so she had to work extra hard to establish her authority, meant to help her in her journey to the afterlife, people could pray to the gods "housed" in the temple, statues impressed upon people Hatshepsut's power and piety, shows an interesting aspect to traditional Egyptian continuity, break in continuity that Hatshepsut was a female, but many aspects were kept the same--she was still depicted in the stiff, idealized form for her statue, and wore the male accoutrements of office. The Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, located beneath the cliffs at Deir el-Bahari on the west bank of the Nile near the Valley of the Kings Soldiers running with axes. These building projects were not just some grandiose gesture on the part of the king to appease the ego but were central to the foundation and development of a unified state. One of the signature actions expected of every Egyptian pharaoh was the commissioning of monumental construction projects. This mortuary temple is dedicated to Amun and Hatshepsut and is situated next to the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II, which served both as an inspiration and later, a quarry. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut nestled into an amphitheater of precipitous cliffs, Hatshepsut’s temple looks at once modern in its simplicity and at the same time eternal in its harmony with the site. 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